Notes from the Lab

August 2018

SWEPCO 502 Premium Engine Oil Improver

SWEPCO 502 Premium Engine Oil Improver

Engine oil specifications continue to change and Southwestern Petroleum and our SWEPCO Lubricants are keeping pace with these changes. SWEPCO 502 Premium Engine Oil Improver can now be used in engines calling for API CK-4, FA-4 and SN Plus. SWEPCO 502 will not change the ash, zinc, or phosphorous levels. It will not harm catalytic converters or particulate traps, so it can be used in engines requiring DEF (Diesel Exhaust Fluid). SWEPCO 502 Premium Engine Oil Improver is made [...]

SWEPCO 501 Premium Diesel Fuel Improver

SWEPCO 501 Premium Diesel Fuel Improver

Diesel fuel quality varies greatly depending upon where you are located, where it was refined, the crude source, and what additives, if any, are used. All diesel fuels must meet minimum specifications regarding cetane number, cold flow properties, wear, power rating, and detergency. In most cases, the diesel fuel barely meets the minimum requirements. There are a variety of fuel additives available on the market today. Many products treat only one or two fuel related issues such as cold [...]

June 2018

SWEPCO 503 Premium Gasoline Improver

SWEPCO 503 Premium Gasoline Improver

SWEPCO 503 Premium Gasoline Improver As the price of gasoline continues to rise, people will be looking for ways to improve their gas mileage and reduce their maintenance costs. The quality of gasoline is going to vary with supplier, depending upon the source and quantity of additives used. By law all gasoline has to contain a minimum amount of detergent additives, however this level will barely keep a new engine clean under ideal conditions. A poor-quality fuel can cause pump wear, [...]

SWEPCO 105 Hi-Impact Plus Grease

SWEPCO 105 Hi-Impact Plus Grease is one of our best-selling lubricants and a proven performer. The Barium Complex thickener forms a protective barrier over the metal surface to keep out dirt, dust and abrasive contaminates. This film also prevents corrosion by repelling water and corrosive chemicals. SWEPCO 105 has built in alkalinity reserve to resist chemical attack and neutralize acids. This feature makes it ideal for use in agriculture, wastewater handling, mining, manufacturing and many other applications. SWEPCO is one of [...]

May 2018

Viscosity, wading through the numbers

Viscosity, wading through the numbers

Viscosity, wading through the numbers: Simply put, viscosity is the measure of resistance to flow, the higher the number the greater the resistance. Seems easy enough until one discovers that there are several ways to describe the same viscosity. Stationary or mobile? An easy way to look at it is to consider the application: is the application stationary or mobile? A general rule of thumb would be if the application is stationary then the ISO viscosity grade (VG) applies and if it is [...]

SWEPCO 115 Food Machinery Grease

SWEPCO 115 Food Machinery Grease

SWEPCO 115 Food Machinery Grease was formulated specifically to meet USDA/NSF H-1 and Canadian Food Inspection Agency “n” requirements for a grease capable of incidental contact in food and beverage processing industries. This high performance aluminum complex grease is ideal for use on high speed can seamers, juice extractors, filling equipment, labelers, packaging machinery, peelers, shaker screens, conveyors, valves, bread wrappers, meat cutting equipment and other food processing and packaging machinery. High and low temperature performance are superior to [...]

April 2018

SWEPCO 113 Moly Fluid Grease

SWEPCO 113 Moly Fluid Grease

SWEPCO 113 Moly Fluid Grease SWEPCO 113 Moly Fluid Grease is a hidden gem among our other greases. This is a Calcium Stearate based grease with Moly available in a NLGI “00”. The light viscosity base oil and fluid characteristics make it ideal for high speed applications, centralized systems, robotics, and the list goes on and on. SWEPCO 113 is the grease of choice for couplings between a drive motor and a piece of equipment like a pump or air [...]

March 2018

SWEPCO 101 Moly Grease

SWEPCO 101 Moly Grease

SWEPCO  101 Moly Grease continues to be one of our best-selling grease for many years. It has proven performance and it still rises above the rest. No-Melt The “No-Melt” properties of SWEPCO 101 Moly Grease has been used in brick kilns, concrete plants, foundries, wood kilns, and paving equipment for many years. It stays where you put it and withstands the heat. The recommended upper limit for the 101 is 260°C (500°F) due to the base oils will evaporate above this [...]

SWEPCO-121-Tri-Plex-Universal-Grease

SWEPCO 121 Tri-Plex Universal Grease

SWEPCO 121 Tri-Plex Universal Grease is a technologically advanced grease that is truly a multi-purpose, multi-functional lubricant. SWEPCO 121 was designed with inventory consolidation in mind and to help reduce accidental misapplication or mixing of incompatible thickener types. Tri-Plex structure The Aluminum Complex thickener is unique in that with our Tri-Plex structure SWEPCO 121 is more shear stable than other Aluminum Complex thickened greases. This means that SWEPCO 121 will stay in grade longer and not pound out or wear down [...]

February 2018

SWEPCO 123 Ultra EP Multi-Service Grease

SWEPCO 123 Ultra EP Multi-Service Grease

SWEPCO 123 Ultra EP Multi-Service Grease SWEPCO 123 Ultra EP Multi-Service Grease was introduced in 2012 and has grown to be our third largest selling grease. This product has performed well and has proven to be a true problem solver. Calcium Sulfonate based greases have superior rust prevention qualities that work well to protect metal surfaces against corrosion from rain, sea water, salt water from road run-off, acids and alkalis, and other chemical attack. The thickener provides many of the performance [...]

SWEPCO 503 Premium Gasoline Improver

Renewable Fuels part 2 Green Gasoline

Renewable Fuels part 2 Green Gasoline The Renewable Fuels or “Green Gasoline” comes from the Clean Air Act in an effort to reduce Green House Gases (GHG) from our air. These Green House Gases are mostly carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide from the engine combustion process, burning of fuels, and breathing. When more carbon dioxide is generated than the plant life on planet earth can utilize, the excess traps heat like a green house and raises the average temperature, commonly [...]

SWEPCO 501 Premium Diesel Fuel Improver

Renewable Fuels part 1 Biodiesel

Renewable Fuels part 1 Biodiesel There has been a lot of hype about renewable fuels over the last few years. These advances in fuel sources have been driven by The Clean Air Act to reduce smog producing exhaust, Green House Gases such as Carbon Dioxide, and the desire to reduce dependence upon foreign oil. Biodiesel:                                   Biodiesel has been around for many years now and after a [...]

January 2018

Scored cylinder due to silicon from an unfiltered landfill gas

Extreme Pressure Additives and Function

Extreme Pressure Additives and Function You will find the word Extreme Pressure (EP) on labels for a variety of lubricants, especially on gear oils and greases. The function of these additives is to prevent metal to metal contact during times of high load, shock load, high temperature, and slow speeds during start up or shut down. There are several ways this can be accomplished. When equipment is running normally, the lubricant should provide a fluid film between the metal surfaces to [...]

Trouble shooting a Noisy Gearbox

Trouble shooting a Noisy Gearbox This is we think another Notes from the Lab with some very interesting info, Trouble shooting a Noisy Gearbox has cost a lot of people a lot of time and …. Whether it is a stationary gearbox, a differential or a transmission, a gearbox making an abnormal noise usually is a warning sign of a problem. There is a certain amount of noise to be expected in a manufacturing environment and less in an automotive system. The noise can [...]

304 Heavy Duty Low Ash Gas Engine Oil

304 Heavy Duty Low Ash Gas Engine Oil is now available as a 15W40 viscosity. This recent modification will allow SWEPCO 304 to operate over a wider temperature range. Years ago, Natural Gas Engines were usually only found in corn fields for irrigation or as a pump drive at a natural gas well. Today they are everywhere and growing in number. These units are being used for transportation, power generation, pumping stations, and agriculture. Many major cities have converted city vehicles, [...]

December 2017

Gears help to move the world

Gears help to move the world regardless of the power source or application, gears and gearboxes are everywhere. From transportation to manufacturing and general industrial use gears are part of everyday life and using the correct lubricant is critical for long equipment life. Most applications fall under automotive or industrial use, open gears will be discussed later. Automotive gear oils face many challenges and have several levels of performance defined for use. The first level of specifications come from the American Petroleum [...]

July 2017

Keeping up with ATF (Automatic Transmission Fluids)

Keeping up with ATF (Automatic Transmission Fluids) Prior to 2000 about 80% of the ATF market was covered by General Motors Dexron III, Ford’s Mercon or Chrysler’s ATF +4 standards and specifications. It was easy for an installer, mechanic, or do-it-yourself person to figure out which fluid to use for make-up or replacement fluid. Lubricant marketers only had to carry a couple of aftermarket fluids to meet a majority of the demands. Today Dexron III/Mercon fluids account for less than [...]

Changing Lubricant Brands

Changing Lubricant Brands, Murphy’s law applicable?

Changing Lubricant Brands, Murphy’s law applicable? One of the most frequently asked questions we receive concern the changeover from brand X to SWEPCO products. All new and many current customers must weigh the risks that may occur when switching Brands due to possible incompatibilities and others potential issues. Contrary to popular belief not all lubricants are the same and Murphy’s law “Anything that can go wrong will go wrong” still shows up at the most inopportune times. There are a variety of [...]

Engine Oils in the News

Engine Oils in the News

Engine Oils in the News Every day we face common objections and resistance to switching over to SWEPCO products. One of the most common objections is that they can’t use SWEPCO products because the manual doesn’t specifically list SWEPCO. While SWEPCO products are not listed in many OEM manuals by name, we are in practically ALL OEM manuals by virtue of meeting the industry specification required. We are also face with warrantees that claim no coverage unless certain products are [...]

new-product-soon-available-in-europe

Engine Oils specifications

Engine Oil Specifications: There has been a great deal of comment lately concerning engine oils. The State of California is looking to remove all of the oils that only meet obsolete specifications’ from the store shelves. API (American Petroleum Institute) has released new Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Oils Specifications CK-4 and FA-4. New Diesel Engines from Ford exhibit excess valve train wear with these new oil specification oils, and other news items. Engine oils have been divided into two (2) main [...]

April 2017

Lubricating Natural Gas Engines

Lubricating Natural Gas Engines Years ago Natural Gas Engines were usually only found in corn fields for irrigation or as a pump drive at a natural gas well. Today they are everywhere and growing in number. These units are being used for transportation, power generation, pumping stations, and agriculture. Many major cities have converted city vehicles, buses, and public transportation to CNG, LPG, or LNG. Companies like UPS and FedEx are switching many of their short haul trucks to natural [...]

March 2017

What is GF-6 and PC-11? Or Upcoming engine oil changes!

What is GF-6 and PC-11? Or Upcoming engine oil changes! You may have seen, heard, or read about future changes in engine oils and wondered “Why?” It all has to do with the Clean Air Act and air quality. There are still major air quality issues in large cities and now in developing countries. The major polluter has been identified as the internal combustion engine, both gasoline and diesel. CAFÉ The U.S. Congress has set a goal of 50 mile per gallon for [...]

Building A High Performance Hydraulic Oil

Building A High Performance Hydraulic Oil Do you know what the VI is for SWEPCO 703? Do you know why such a high VI gives our products an advantage? What percentage increase does 703 offer in efficiency of the equipment? After you read this Technical bulletin you will be able to answer these questions and know why we are building A High Performance Hydraulic Oil for you (or actually 2…) More demanding, tighter tolerances and wider operating temperatures Hydraulic systems are widely used in a variety [...]

Syntheon: Advanced Base Fluid Technology

Introducing Syntheon: Advanced Base Fluid Technology Walk into any auto parts store and in the engine oil area you will find a variety of products offering full synthetic, partial synthetic, synthetic blends, the list goes on and on. A key point to remember is that according to a 1999 U.S. Court case the term Synthetic is a marketing term rather than a scientific term. current definition of the term synthetic Many of us started in this business with the understanding that the term synthetic [...]

High Copper Levels in Used Oil Analysis

High Copper Levels in Used Oil Analysis reasons for concern?  From time to time traces of Copper show up in used oil analysis reports ranging from a few PPM to over a 1000 PPM. Generally, high Copper levels are not a cause for concern unless other wear metals are present in unusual levels. Copper is a soft metal so it will not promote wear, abrasion, or other damage in equipment. Copper is a component of Bronze and Brass which are used [...]

February 2017

Total Cost of Ownership in a different perspective

Total Cost of Ownership in a different perspective We have received an interesting document from SWEPCO Head Office of looking at total cost of ownership. Please read and it might help you getting a more clear picture of SWEPCO compared to other lube manufacturers. We all have different ways we present SWEPCO products.  We use buzzwords, demonstrations, and other valuable tools we have learned from experience.  One successful way that we teach at our Lubricants Training School is to really focus [...]

January 2017

101119-meclube-luchtverzorgingset-met-waterafscheider-vernevelaar

The Importance of Keeping Lubricants Dry

The Importance of Keeping Lubricants Dry Water is everywhere and tends to get into everything. Plants, animals, and people need water to live, however water is not desirable in lubricants. Let us look at how water gets into equipment, the damage it does, how to test for water and how to keep it out of your lubricants and equipment. The Importance of Keeping Lubricants Dry is often underestimated. Clogged breathers There is water in the air and it is more apparent on humid [...]

December 2016

Preparing a Diesel Engine for Winter

Preparing a Diesel Engine for Winter Now is the time to switch to the SWEPCO 501 Premium Diesel Fuel Improver Winter version to protect your equipment when a cold snap occurs and possibly causes problems. Once a fuel has gelled, it must be warmed up and completely thawed to treat it. 501 Winter improves the Cetane Number in diesel fuel for easier starting, shorter warm up time, and less white smoke at start up. SWEPCO 501 Premium Diesel Fuel Improver Winter version contains wax modifying [...]

Procedure for Changing from Mineral Oil to Biodegradable Fluids

Procedure for changing from mineral oil to biodegradable fluids: As more and more governments are pushing for “green” alternatives, customers may be required to use biodegradable lubricants in their equipment. This is becoming more common in reclamation projects, environmentally sensitive areas, and in some new construction. Important is a correct procedure for changing from mineral oil to biodegradable fluids. Varnish, sludge, and deposits tend to build up in hot zones and “dead zones” in gear boxes, hydraulic, and hydrostatic equipment. Most mineral oil based [...]

ISO Cleanliness Code

What is the ISO Cleanliness Code of your Oil? As we visit new and existing customers we hear sometimes the question: What is your ISO Cleanliness Code? or What are your ISO numbers? on a certain oil. What they are referring to is the ISO 4406:1999 standard for oil cleanliness. In 1999 the International Standards Organization developed a system to rate and quantify the number of particles in the greater than or equal to 4 microns, 6 microns and 14-micron range. Please note [...]

November 2016

Biodegradable Lubricants

Defining Biodegradable Lubricants Biodegradable lubricants have been around for thousands of years. Ancient man used olive oil, palm oil, or other plant based oils to lubricate axles, slides, and other moving objects. These oils were not oxidative resistant and required frequent replacement. Whale oil was used for many applications up until the mid-twentieth century due to its excellent lubricity and improved oxidation resistance.   Biodegradable lubricants have been around for thousands of years. Ancient man used olive oil, palm oil, or other [...]

The Effects of Over-Greasing a Bearing

What are the Effects of Over-Greasing a Bearing? Over 35% of all bearing failures are due to improper lubrication. These include: over-greasing; under-greasing; wrong grease for the application; Or a combination. Many people have been instructed to attach a grease gun to a bearing and keep pumping the lever until grease comes out somewhere. This is acceptable for hinge pins and other applications where old grease and contaminates need to be removed and not cause damage. A typical manual grease gun can generate 15,000 psi of [...]

September 2016

Guidelines for Grease Operating Temperatures

We would like to share some Guidelines for Grease Operating Temperatures. This is about as well High as Low Temperatures! In 1933 a group of Grease Manufacturers met to address common grease industry issues and to standardize lubricating grease properties. The National Lubricating Grease Institute was born and has served the lubricating grease industry for over 80 years. The Annual Meetings address various issues, regulations, and provide training in the manufacture and application of lubricating grease. There have been several presentations [...]

March 2016

SWEPCO 202 SAE 75W90 Gear Oil

Background: The SWEPCO family of high performance gear oils has a new member: SWEPCO 202 SAE 75W90 Gear Oil. This long awaited version is ready to meet or exceed your needs. For many years the usual automotive gear oil viscosity was among others: 80W90, 90, or 80W140. These oils performed well and will continue to do so for years to come. Enter the Clean Air Act requiring the reduction of emissions from all sources. One way to reduce emissions is to improve [...]

February 2016

EXCITING NEW CHEMISTRY

EXCITING NEW CHEMISTRY  MAKING SWEPCO LUBRICANTS BETTER THAN EVER !  Research and Development is a core activity at SWEPCO Home Office.  Our laboratory is at work every single day in search of opportunities to improve our product line.  As a result this brings interesting new Chemistry! We are committed to providing the resources that are needed to keep us … not just competitive … but in a position of leadership, in a rapidly changing lubrication market.  This commitment is absolutely essential [...]

SWEPCO ISO 21469 Certified

SWEPCO ISO 21469 Certified February 3, 2016 Notes from the Lab: ISO 21469 Good Manufacturing Practices For Food Grade Lubricants. For several decades, Food Grade Lubricants only required certification of the finish lubricant. This entailed a manufacturer sending a formulation, label, and sample to a certification organization for approval to sell the lubricant in food manufacturing and handling facilities. Materials used in making Food Grade lubricants are limited and must pass a variety of health, safety, and toxicological tests. There are the [...]